References for 100 Ways America is Screwing Up the World

Chapters 71-100


71  Public Diplomacy: Just Put on a Happy Face

Many of the references not cited in the text can be found at TomPaine.  The Pape comment was cited by Sidney Blumenthal in The Guardian

The enthusiasm for this entire enterprise diminishes as the Bush foreign policy disaster in the Middle East grows.  No one can sensibly think that public diplomacy in any of its official forms can make up for the folly of the war in Iraq, the unproductive support for Israeli militancy, the continuing toleration of despotic Muslim regimes when convenient to us, and the belligerency toward Iran.  The earnest but nearly delusional efforts to give this limp and solipsistic concept life—see the Council on Foreign Relations’ “task force” on public diplomacy, to cite an obvious example—will go the way of most task forces. 


72  The Killing Fields of Death Row

The unusually well-organized and informative Death Penalty Information Center is a font of knowledge and common sense on this issue.  It has plentiful links and studies, facts sheets, etc.

Some useful and briskly presented data are presented on this site, and, with respect to international matters, Amnesty International is another place to visit.

Books: No shortage of these—it’s one way to consider, too, the appalling state of the U.S. penal system. See Debating the Death Penalty: Should America Have Capital Punishment? The Experts on Both Sides Make Their Best Case, Hugo Adam Bedau and Paul G. Cassell, editors, Oxford, 2004; The Death Penalty: An American History by Stuart Banner, Harvard, 2003; The Contradictions of American Capital Punishment, by Franklin E. Zimring, Oxford, 2003.


73  The New Age

I channeled all the information in this chapter from Zeus, Athena, and Zoroaster, and they don’t Google.


74  Committees of the Imperious

I channeled all the information in this chapter from Lynn Cheney—no, wait, that’s been done.  Most of what you need here can be found on the websites of these “organizations.”

Also, check out the very useful “Right Web” database of the International Relations Center, an interesting place to browse more generally.
On the revival of the Committee on the Present Danger, see this 2004 article by Laura Rozen on AlterNet

Books:  Sidney Blumenthal’s classic Rise of the Counter Establishment: From Conservative Ideology to Political Power (HarperCollins, 1988), is a good primer for the history of this.  Interesting how little in this vein has been written since.


75  Forgetting History

There is actually quite a bit of interesting academic work on the role of memory, of forgetting, etc., in national narratives.  Here is one from a Belgian social scientist, which is indicative: “Memory as a instrument of foreign policy,” by Valerie-Barbara Rosoux.  It’s a topic I dealt with extensively in my work on Cyprus and my web site, the Cyprus Conflict.  A particularly smart scholar of this is Vamik Volkan, who has written extensively on how political narratives are passed down through generations.

BooksPeople's History of the United States: 1492 to Present by my friend Howard Zinn is an excellent example of why we cannot forget.


76  We’re Number One

See Ventura’s very amusing listing, among his other observations.  Pew’s global polls document the decline in how America is regarded. 


77  Strong States, Weak States: Whose side are you on?

On Bolivia, see this fine piece in The Nation.  The Washington Post quotation is found here.

On Turkey, I researched and wrote about this extensively in Spoils of War.  For a taste of this, see this in Boston Review


78 Fat Country, Fat World: The Magic of Processed Food

The work of the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University is among the best in the world in this field, and its web site is most helpful.  The article “Who Made America Fat?” is a wealth of information.

The Dept. of Agriculture has some remarkably useful information about the global trends in its publication, Amber Waves.  But here is criticism of USDA from the Harvard School of Public Health.   Figures on worldwide production and distribution of processed foods can be found at the Dept. of Commerce web site, updated figures from what I used.

Books: Marion Nestle, Food Politics: How the Food Industry Influences Nutrition and Health (U of California, 2003); Greg Critser, Fat Land: How Americans Became the Fattest People in the World (Mariner Books 2004); A Sociology of Food & Nutrition: The Social Appetite, by John Germov and Lauren Williams, editors (Oxford 2004).


79  The Filthy Rich

Here is the list of the wealthy from Forbes.  On executive pay, see the remarkable PBS show, “Now,” which did this segment on the issue.

On charitable giving worldwide, check out this eye-opening article from Inter-Press Service, noting that the heathens are more generous than the faithful. Here is an interesting web site from Boston College on wealth and philanthropy. “The people that give the most actually make the least. Households earning under $10,000 a year -- far below the poverty line -- gave 5.2% of their income to charity. That's a larger percentage of their money than any other income group,” says

Books:  How about the classics?  The Affluent Society by John Kenneth Galbraith (Mariner, 1998 edition); The Theory of the Leisure Class by Thorstein Veblen (Dover, 1994 edition); The Power Elite by C. Wright Mills (Oxford University Press, 2000 edition); Who Rules America? Power and Politics by G. William Domhoff (McGraw-Hill 4 edition, 2001).


80  The Global Gag: Family Planning the Extremists’ Way
“Our continuing research shows the gag rule is eroding family planning and reproductive health services in developing countries,” says the Population Action International and a coalition of other organizations on their Global Gag Rule web site.  Their campaign deserves close attention.
The Science magazine article is “The Mexico City Policy and U.S. Family Planning Assistance,” by Richard P. Cincotta and Barbara B. Crane, from an October 2001 edition.  Michele Goldberg’s excellent coverage in Salon from June 2002 contains statistics as well as analysis.  The news item about China is cited by Sierra Club and others.

“Since 2001, the US government has used its power as a leading donor to family planning programmes to pursue policies in conflict with global agreements on reproductive rights. Prominent among these policies is the Mexico City Policy (or Global Gag Rule), which restricts non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in developing countries that receive USAID family planning funding from engaging in most abortion-related activities, even with their own funds. This paper reviews the history and political origins of the Gag Rule under several Republican party presidents. The Gag Rule has not achieved an overall reduction in abortions; rather, where it has disrupted family planning services, the policy is more likely to have increased the number of abortions. This paper concludes that the Gag Rule is a radical intrusion on the rights and autonomy of recipients of US funding. Regardless of whether or not it is rescinded in the future, the underlying issues in the politics of US reproductive health assistance are likely to persist. NGOs that wish to free themselves from the constraints it imposes must find the means to end their dependence on USAID funding, including turning to other donors. NGOs should also take the lead in opposing policies such as the Gag Rule that violate global agreements.”

Or try: Exportable Righteousness, Expendable Women by Ann Hwang – “The U.S. government is the largest donor to family planning programs around the world. But the country's backward-thinking "global gag rule," championed by "right-to-life" opponents of abortion, is actually likely to result in the deaths of more women.”

Planned Parenthood is of course a leading organization on this issue.  See also Center for Reproductive Law and Policy

81  The Imperial City

What’s left to say?

82  Commercialization of Sport


83  Damsels in Distress

Here is a good article by Alex Johnson from MSNBC on this matter, and this by Peter Johnson of USA Today

The Edward R. Murrow speech is always worth a read.  How about a book by Bob Edwards—Edward R. Murrow and the Birth of Broadcast Journalism (Wileyu 2004). 

84  Disney, Inc

This fascinating site, David Harris and Colleagues, has a pungent commentary on Disney by Sabine Keller, which has a good list of references at the end.  The main site has other analyses on Disney as well.  And here is something along the same lines from Academic Exchange Quarterly. 

On sweat shops:  And see this well-written piece in Wired by Jonathan Weber. 

In addition to the books listed in the second link above, see The Gospel According to Disney: Faith, Trust, and Pixie Dust, by Mark I. Pinsky, Westminster John Knox Press, 2004.

85  Las Vegas

Another one without need of further elaboration.

86  Christmas

How about some Facts from the U.S. Census?  More: Christmas in Hong Kong. Christmas in New DelhiChristmas in Japan
The truly ludicrous but ceaselessly amusing pageant on Fox about Christmas bashing is sent up in this commentary from News Hounds.  And this, slightly more serious, from Salon.  At least we have this to look forward to every holiday season.

87  The Miami Relatives

Joan Didion’s splendid book is entitled, Miami(Simon & Schuster, 1987).  A must read.

On anti-Castro terrorism, there are several courageous sites, this one with a few good documents and this one with some incidents listed; and this from the National Security Archive on Posada. And this from the 1970s from a congressional investigation.

Interesting, isn’t it, how virtually all American terrorism is right wing?

88  P.R.

Here is a funny little site that profiles Bernays.  The  Toronto Globe & Mail
(Monday, March 11, 2002) carried Macarthur’s commentary about Rumsfeld.

89  "24/7": Abuses of the work ethic

The interview with Arlie Hochschild can be found here.  The Stephanie Coontz article appeared in Newsday.  Some statistics on working can be found at the Bureau of Labor Statistics in this article from 1997; and here is the index to further data. 

On siestas, see “Spaniards Still Stay Up Late, So, Without a Siesta, They Nod Off Everywhere,” by Carlta Vitzthum The Wall Street Journal, September 22, 2004; Page A1, and this from the BBC

90  Paris Hilton & Celebrity Culture

This chapter probably should be higher on the 100 Ways list, given how dominant celebrity culture is, but I couldn’t bring myself to join the parade. 

The National Review article, “An Undeserved Altar,” appeared October 11, 2002.

On adolsescents, see this informative article in a scholarly journal, and a news story on it from the New Scientist.  John Malby, who led the study, has several other articles of interest on this topic, among them the one quoted about parasocial relationships and detachment  McCutcheon LE, Lange R, Houran J.,  “Conceptualization and measurement of celebrity worship.” Brit J of Psychology, 2002 Feb. 

The Forbes ranking, updated from when my chapter was written, is amusing.

On Indian trends, see the BBC story, and this on the African

Ten Annoyances – Chapters 91-100.

The dumb and dumber geography outrage is a staple of newspaper hrrumphing, but no less real.  The National GeographicRoper survey is no less sobering.

Michael Jackson – check out this history of his face.

On slobs, no better said than by the Institute for Image Management and  Ruth L. Kern.  The article by Daniel Akst in the Wilson Quarterly is interesting.

On sexualized clothing and such for young girls, read the Boston Globe article here.

On multiculturalism, it’s a long and complex discussion, but consider this from the Boston Review and this interview with Richard Thompson Ford.

On professional schools, my churlishness shows, for once.  See this on B-schools, from which I quote, and this as well.  On J-schools, Jack Shafer in Slate is the perp—worthwhile reading. 

The quotations from the Minutemen is on their web site.  Recently, they’ve been accused by former leaders of the group that financial mismanagement is rife and possibly criminal.  What a surprise that is.



Chapters 1-10
Chapters 11-19

Chapters 20-35
Chapters 36-50 

Chapters 51-60

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